Africa is a very vast continent with more than 1.2 billion inhabitants.
Do you know all the capitals of all Africa Countries? The continent has 54 countries, and unlike Europe, is not centralized.
There is no capital of Africa. Africa is gigantic, colorful, rich in an incredible diversity of flora and fauna… Africa is called the “paradise of biodiversity”.
The African continent has 54 countries and therefore 54 African capitals.
Read through the article to discover all African countries and capitals.
54 African Countries & Their Capitals
Below is the full list of all African Countries and their capitals.
South Africa: Pretoria
Pretoria, a city located in the province of Gauteng, is the administrative capital of South Africa.
Do not hesitate to visit the historic center, the Voortrekker Monument or the very large Pretoria Zoo.
Algiers is a city renowned for its whitewashed buildings in the Casbah, a medina of steep, winding streets, Ottoman palaces and a ruined citadel.
Luanda is located on the west coast of Southern Africa.
Benin: Porto Novo
Porto-Novo is known for its colonial buildings and its Great Mosque.
The inhabitants of Gaborone are the Gaborians.
Burkina Faso: Ouagadougou
The inhabitants of Ouagadougou are called Ouagalais.
Bujumbura has a population of about 1,155,678 in 2022.
In Yaoundé, the Mvog-Betsi zoo serves as a habitat for primates rescued from the wild game trade.
Cape Verde: Praia
Praia has an area of 102.6 km². Do not miss its market by wandering among the local vegetable, fish or meat stalls to immerse yourself in popular culture.
Moroni has a population of approximately 111,329 in 2016.
Ivory Coast: Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro lies inland, northwest of the country’s economic and cultural center, the coastal city of Abidjan.
Djibouti is known for its 19th century architecture and its port, located at the entrance to the Red Sea.
In the forested district of Zamalek on the island of Gezira, one can admire a panoramic view of the city from the Cairo Tower, which rises 187 m above sea level.
The wonderful pyramids of Giza are located about twenty kilometers from the capital.
The city of Asmara boasts eclectic architecture ranging from Art Deco cinemas to Fiat Tagliero, a futuristic airplane-shaped gas station.
Ethiopia: Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa is the cultural and economic center of the country.
Ethiopia is also called the “cradle of humanity” since the discovery of Lucy in 1974, Australopithecus eve of 3.2 million years.
Libreville has an area of 189m².
Banjul’s colonial buildings include the National Museum, dedicated to the culture and history of The Gambia.
The golden sand beaches of Labadi and Kokrobite are popular oceanfront spots.
In town, the imposing Grand Mosque has 4 tall, elegant minarets.
Equatorial Guinea: Malabo
Malabo is the cultural center of Equatorial Guinea and has galleries and performance halls.
Bissau has an area of 77km².
Nairobi is a major African capital with 4.3 million inhabitants in 2019.
Maseru is the most populous city in the country and had 253,874 inhabitants (as of 2010).
Monrovia has 1 million inhabitants in 2019 for an area of 194.2 km².
Tripoli is the seat of government and a university city.
Antananarivo is the capital of Madagascar located in the Central Highlands region of the island.
The fauna and flora of Madagascar are of incomparable richness.
Lilongwe, as the capital of Malawi, had a population of 989,318 in 2018.
Bamako was founded by the Niares. It is the capital and largest city of Mali.
The Great Fayçal Mosque, the National Park and the National Museum of Mali are to be seen.
Rabat, the capital of Morocco, is built on the banks of the Bouregreg River and the Atlantic Ocean.
Mauritius: Port Louis
Port-Louis is the capital of Mauritius, located in the Indian Ocean.
Nouakchott has been the capital of Mauritania since 1957, located on the edge of the Atlantic Ocean.
Many turn-of-the-century buildings can be found in the downtown Baixa district, lined with jacaranda trees.
Windhoek has 325,858 inhabitants in 2011.
Niamey had 1,302,910 inhabitants in 2021, the most populous city in Niger.
Abuja is the one of the most beautiful most city in the country with 2.6 million inhabitants in 2019.
Kampala is the national and economic capital of Uganda.
Central African Republic: Bangui
Bangui is the largest city in the Central African Republic. The Notre-Dame de Bangui Cathedral is a must see.
Republic of the Congo: Brazzaville
The cylindrical Nabemba tower overlooks the river in the city center.
This country is also called “Congo-Brazzaville”.
Democratic Republic of the Congo: Kinshasa
Also called “Congo”, “DRC”, “Congo-Kinshasa” or “DR Congo” to differentiate this country from its neighbour, it is one of the most populated countries in Africa and a very dense.
For example, you can visit the sanctuary dedicated to the bonobo, one of Africa’s great apes.
Kigali is the capital of Rwanda and is located almost in the center of the country.
Sao Tome and Principe: Sao Tome
The Ôbo Natural Park, a jungle protected for its biodiversity, covers most of the territory of São Tomé and is distinguished by the Pico Cão Grande, a volcanic rock similar to a skyscraper.
Dakar is the capital of Senegal, in West Africa.
Victoria, on the island of Mahé, is the capital of the Seychelles archipelago, located in the Indian Ocean.
The archipelago is known for its beaches, coral reefs and nature reserves, home to the Seychelles giant tortoises, for example.
Sierra Leone: Freetown
Freetown is the capital and largest city of Sierra Leone.
In 2015, the city has a population of 2,120,000.
Khartoum is located at the confluence of the White Nile (coming from South Sudan) and the Blue Nile (coming from Ethiopia).
South Sudan: Juba
Juba is the capital of South Sudan, as well as that of Jubek State and Juba County.
Eswatini (formerly Swaziland): Mbabane
Mbabane has an area of 81.76 km².
Dodoma has an area of 2,575 km².
The Republic of Chad is a country in Central Africa. N’Djamena, in full economic boom in the early 2000s, is the largest city in Chad and the second economic city.
Lomé is the capital of Togo, in West Africa.
Tunis is the huge capital of Tunisia, a country in North Africa. The Bardo National Museum and the Zitouna Mosque are worth seeing.
Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia.
Harare is the capital of Zimbabwe.
Do not hesitate to discover the most beautiful capitals during a trip to Africa, and their tourist attractions.
Read our articles to learn more about Southern African countries and their capitals . The continent is full of must-see places.