Natural/Mineral Resources Found in Yorubaland (2023)

Natural Resources in Southwest, Nigeria

Natural Resources in Nigeria is located at different parts of the country and in land of different ethnic nationalities in Nigeria.

Natural Resources in Yorubaland

One of thee major ethnic group in Nigeria with enormous natural resources is the Yoruba ethnic group.

Yorubaland is blessed with so much natural and mineral resources that ethnic nation can comfortably form an independent country.

In Nigeria, the Yorubas are found at southwest and some parts of North central region of Nigeria.

It is one of the largest ethnic groups in Nigeria both in population and in natural resources.

Basically, Yorubas are found in seven (7) states of Nigeria namely : Lagos, Osun, Oyo, Ogun, Ondo, Ekiti and Kwara states.

Natural resources found in these states are mineral and natural resources in Yorubaland.

These Yoruba states are richly blessed with resources like crude oil, bitumen, iron ore etc.

In this post, we will be discussing the list of mineral resources found in Yorubaland and across Yoruba states in Nigeria.

List of Mineral Resources in Yorubaland

To be discussed here is the natural resources in Yorubaland.

Most people are always conscious about natural resources found or discovered in their region for the fear of secession or eventual implementation of resource control in Nigeria.

Technology has never been the biggest assets for most African states especially Nigeria.

The country has depended heavily in their natural resources for their source of wealth and foreign exchange.

This tells a lot about why Nigerian and African governments spend billion searching for new discoveries of natural resources especially oil which has been described by some as the liquid black gold.

Let’s go through the list of all resources found in Yorubaland. Below are natural resources in Yorubaland, Nigeria.

Crude Oil

Crude oil is one of the major natural resources found in Yorubaland.

Yourba states where Crude oil are found in commercial quantity are Ondo, Lagos and Ogun State.

Crude oil is the major source of Nigeria foreign exchange and it is a mineral resources in Yorubaland.


Bitumen is a natural resources found in Yorubaland. It is a black viscous mixture of hydrocarbons obtained naturally or as a residue from petroleum distillation.

Yourba states where Bitumen are found are: Lagos, Ogun, Ondo states.


Gold is only found in one Yourba state which is Oyo state. It is one of the natural resources in Yorubaland.

It is also a highly selling commodity in international market.


Coal, another form of enegy is also found in Ondo state Yorubaland.

However, major coal deposit in Nigeria is still found in Enugu State.

Iron Ore

Iron ore is a natural resources that is found in Yorubaland. Yourba state where Iron Ore is found is Kwara state.

Agricultural Resources Found in Yorubaland

Yorubaland is highly fertile and this is the reason why there are cash crops cultivated in Yorubaland.

There are some agricultural resources that are found in Yorubaland like Timber, Rubber etc.

In this part of the article, we will be discussing the agricultural resources and cash crops found in Yorubaland.


Timber ia cultivated and growa very well in Yorubaland. Yourba states where Timber is found and cultivated are Ondo, Ogun and Osun states.


Rubber is planted in the following Yoruba states: Ogun, Osun and Kwara states.


Cocoa is another cash crop that is cultivated and found in Yorubaland. Cocoa is found in the following Yoruba states: Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo and Kwara.


Yoruba states where plantain are found are, Ondo, Ogun and Osun states.

Oil Palm

Oil palm in Yoruba land is predominantly found in Oyo State. This makes Oyo State that largest producer of oil palm in Southwest.

Yourba States Where Crude Oil Are Found

There is Crude Oil in Yorubaland. One of the most reoccurring question among some people of Yoruba nation is does Yoruba have Crude oil or is Crude oil found in Yorubaland.

It is simple and affirmative that Crude oil are found in Yorubaland and Yourba states. Yoruba states where Crude oil are found includes:

Ondo StateĀ 

Lagos StateĀ 

These are two Yourba states where crude oil are found in commercial quantity.


The Author

Emmanuel Igwenagu

Igwenagu Emmanuel is the founder of Nigerian Informer. He holds B.A, M.Sc in Mass Communication. He is a Communication researcher and 112 emergency help line dispatcher.

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